European countries must take precedence

The Government’s proposals for new EU climate and energy targets for 2030 is very disappointing ( Focal length 25/2 ). It does not impose a stringent climate policy in Europe, only that it opens up for large purchases of cheap and unsafe emissions credits in other countries. Buying carbon credits will not lead to a shift in either Europe or Sweden. It is also very disappointing that the government does not put forward specific and ambitious targets for renewable energy and energy efficiency.

European countries need to take the lead and take responsibility for the climate. Is why the Left forth the following goals: EU should have zero emissions by 2050 and all energy which will be renewable. The faster we go down the right path, the easier the transition. By 2030, the Left wants to cut greenhouse gas emissions by at least 60 percent compared to 1990 and reductions to be made in Europe. Energy Production shall 2030 consist of at least 45 percent renewable energy. And we want to enjoin all activities that the energy efficiency of its operations by 40 percent. Given that global emissions continue to rise and that Europe historically account for a large share of total emissions is considered to be minimum requirements.

Our climate and energy objectives are fully realistic and in line with our view on climate solidarity and what the world needs if we are to prevent an escalating climate change. But to set about also means a great opportunity to create many new green jobs. According to the European Commission’s impact assessment has higher climate and energy in a positive net impact on job creation in Europe. Here in Sweden we have for example a great opportunity to create thousands of green jobs in the construction sector by providing support for sustainable renovation of the Million Programme housing and public facilities such as schools and nursing homes.

Lena Ek and Anna-Karin Hatt’s gambit on Focal length 25/2 is yet another example of how the climate challenge are moved around like a black petter among the world’s major countries. It’s always someone else to take responsibility. In the Left, we are convinced that it is possible to embark on a different path, in Sweden and in the EU. Equality and equal societies are better equipped to cope with major challenges such as climate change. Therefore, measures to increase fairness closely associated with our policy to expeditiously reduce emissions in Sweden and in the EU. Therefore Sweden push for more ambitious targets for the EU’s climate and energy policy.

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British minister: – Floods caused by climate change

Climate change is a contributing factor to the floods in the UK, said the British Defence Secretary Philip Hammond.

- The climate is changing, which is clearly a factor in the weather pattern we see. This is why we are investing significant sums of money in improving flood protection, the minister said Sunday.

He was supported by Ed Miliband, leader of the opposition Labour party. He believes the bad weather caused by climate change and that the government must treat global warming as a matter of national security.

Wettest in 250 years
While the weather has been extremely dry along the west coast of Norway in recent months, the winter in England has been the wettest in 250 years.

British authorities have sent out hundreds of flood alerts, and 3,000 soldiers are called out to limit the damage. Princes William and Harry were with and heaved sandbags along with a group of soldiers to protect a village at Windsor Castle before the weekend.

Sunday finally stopped raining which has long poured down over England. But it is expected that the water level will rise in many places despite the weather stays.

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Climate change is now considered security

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry believes climate change is possibly the most terrifying weapon of mass destruction in the world.

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry will in the future add weight to warn against the risk of devastating climate change.

According to Kerry, there are several similarities between the climate threat and risk of terrorist attacks.

- None of these threats can be combated without international cooperation, says minister.

- In a way, also climate change is now considered to be a weapon of mass destruction – and perhaps the most daunting in the world, Kerry said in a speech in Indonesia’s capital Jakarta this weekend.

He believes that the scientists do not agree that climate change is man-made “not real scientists and that they are” extremist ideologues. ”

Kerry also believes that one must not allow big companies and corporations with special interests to get “hijack” the climate debate.

It is expected that he will hold more talks on global warming in the future. The first was held in Indonesia because the country is considered very vulnerable if the sea level rises.

Feeling the body
In the UK this winter’s devastating floods, naturally enough, received considerable attention. In flood-ravaged Britain says politicians that global warming must be treated as a matter of national security.

The British Defence Secretary Philip Hammond believes that climate change is a contributing factor to the floods.

- The climate is changing, which is clearly a factor in the weather pattern we see. This is why we are investing significant sums of money in improving flood protection, said the British minister Philip Hammond Sunday.

He is supported by Ed Miliband, leader of the opposition Labour party. He believes the bad weather caused by climate change and that the government must treat global warming as a matter of national security.

Must cut emissions
Also the famous economist Nicolas Stern, who was behind a major report on the costs of combating global warming in 2006, linked the floods and storms in the UK to climate change.

- Cut emissions, we must prepare ourselves even more devastating consequences, he wrote in an article in the newspaper The Guardian recently.

Wettest in 250 years
While the weather has been extremely dry along the west coast of Norway in recent months is winter in England the wettest in 250 years.

British authorities have sent out hundreds of flood alerts, and 3,000 soldiers are called out to limit the damage. Princes William and Harry were with and heaved sandbags along with a group of soldiers to protect a village at Windsor Castle before the weekend.

Despite the fact that the week started with the welcome precipitation in England, is still expected water levels to rise in many places. Britain struggling in addition to the effects of several storms that have hit the country in recent weeks.

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Why do not we want to admit climate change?

The effects of climate change are already visible in many places, researchers say. However, most people do not see the need for action. Why is that? Psychologists know the answer.

On climate change, excited “deny” the word (in English “denial”) tempers. So it rained at the American author Kari Norgaard masse Drohmails of climate skeptics, when she published the book “Living in Denial: Climate Change, Emotions, and Everyday Life.”

This involves the psychologist from the University of Oregon not about the small minority who denies that a human-influenced climate change is happening. What Norgaard rather interested, are the reasons why not to implement the vast majority of the population in industrialized countries that do not provide the findings of climate science in question, the knowledge still in everyday life.

“How can that be? We know so much about the urgency of the problems of climate change. But if you look around, you get the impression that either no one knows anything or it interests anyone,” Norgaard said in an interview with DW at one of the University of the Arctic organized event in Norway Tromso. It speaks of an “incredible gap between the moral, social and environmental crisis and a broad understanding of the urgent need to do something about it.”

Visible but not perceived?

The U.S. researcher spent ten months in a community in the north of Norway, so in a country where much newspaper is read, the people are politically active and climate change is not in doubt.

She lived there a very warm winter, when the snow came two months later than usual, with consequences for the important branches of agriculture and tourism. Nevertheless, it was for the issue of climate change in the social and political life “invisible”. Although the media reported on a correlation between the warm winter and global warming, there were no responses.

Norgaard describes this as “socially organized denial”: Although people are informed of the results of climate research, they do not bring this knowledge with their political, social and private life in connection. This is typical of the way the consumers in wealthy industrialized countries, with global warming. Even in their home country, the United States, suffered some regions already under climate change with disadvantages for the economy. But no one wanted to accept that this was linked to their own lifestyle and unpleasant behavior change requires.

“People first, have anxiety about the world and its future. Secondly, they feel guilty because they know that our high quality of life, based on the use of fossil fuels, is directly connected with the problem. Additionally there is a feeling of helplessness, because the problem seems so huge and does not respond to politics. ”

People prefer to live as they had the worrying information about the non-climate change, says the psychologist. She compares this behavior with psychological findings about the reasons why many people ignored the Holocaust or the use of the atomic bomb during World War II. They try to protect themselves by, go unpleasant facts and the need to do something out of the way.

Per Espen Stoknes is a psychologist at the “Center for Climate Strategy” of the “Norwegian Business Institute” NBI. The communication of climate science have left such psych logical defense mechanisms except eight, he explained in an interview with DW. “It has long assumed that the facts would be sufficient alone But there are psychological barriers that prevent you from what us the Science tells really takes. That has underestimated until now. ”

Climate change is perceived as something far away, so Stoknes. On the one hand, a prediction of the IPCC for the year 2100 was temporally far away. Melting ice in the Arctic or a Meeresspiegelansteig in Bangladesh or the Maldives again appeared geographically out of reach.

The more we know about climate change, the less seems to be the concern about its impact, says Stoknes. He cites surveys in Norway: “Today only see four out of ten respondents to climate change as a problem.”

While 97 percent of climate scientists was agreement about the existence of climate change, the public had the impression that there were only 55 percent. The publicity on climate change called the Norwegian psychologist as “the greatest Kommunikationsgau all time”. The scientists would have less present and intensified engage in a dialogue.

The media also played a role: “We know that around 85 percent of all media reports on climate are more disaster reports, we also know that this means that people avoid the subject..” We Also suppose the extent of climate reporting from around the globe, says media and climate researcher Elisabeth Eide of the University of Bergen. She speaks of “climate fatigue” in society and in the media.

How do you get people to change their behavior?

If the researchers are right and the lack of use is more psychologically motivated for Climate Protection, the problem also needs psychological solutions. “We have to get away from negativity and disasters and workable solutions make it attractive,” says Stoknes.

Also Norgaard argues for positive examples. Green behavior should be normal in society, proposes psychologist Stoknes. He is also thinking about online campaigns, where people register their energy savings and compare them with those of their neighbors. Environmental and climate-friendly solutions such as double-sided printing in photocopying or energy-saving appliances should be the Erstoptionen.

If you could make it, that the people would not be overwhelmed and paralyzed by disaster scenarios, and one “green economy” could show as an attractive option for the future to them the possibilities, one would the “denying emotional need” simply no longer trigger, which itself is Stoknes sure.

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Study: Climate change is a development No. 1 killer

Development experts warn that extreme weather events such as droughts and floods threaten to make the fight against poverty a farce. Instead of fighting poverty only must they prevent. Future development goals would shift the focus more to the “resilience” against climate change.

The UN wants to eliminate global poverty by 2030 – but climate change could you make it a spanner in the works, warns the Opens external link in new window Overseas Development Institute (ODI) in London. For long-lasting heat waves and droughts, extreme precipitation and floods threaten especially the poorest, who are at the mercy of the weather the most. The British think tank explains why in a Opens external link in new window recent report by the resilience, ie the resilience of those affected against destructive environmental influences become one of the main goals of future poverty.

The focus of the report is the relationship between natural disasters and poverty. How important is this resilience, the researchers illustrate with numbers: 2010 lost 11 percent of people affected by the earthquake in Haiti her life. By an earthquake of similar strength in the same year in Chile, compared with only 0.1 percent of patients died. The cyclone in Myanmar in 2008 were “Nargis” 138,000 people lost their lives, the comparable Hurricane “Gustav” urged the other hand, in the Caribbean and the U.S., only 153 lives.

“Risk countries with large populations living in poverty – especially in Südsahara region and in South Asia – lack the funds to the risk of climate-related disasters, armed to the teeth,” says the paper. The most vulnerable people are therefore in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Central African Republic, Chad, Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Haiti, Liberia, Mali and Zimbabwe, but also in Bangladesh and North Korea. When you close my so on as before, the report said, leave millions of people vulnerable to natural disasters.
The worst droughts are

The biggest single risk for depletion are droughts, the think-tank holds – and not health-related disability. The ODI expected in the coming decades, with an increase of droughts almost anywhere in the world: Central America and the southern United States, in the Amazon region, on the western coast of South America, southern Europe, Southeast Asia and Japan, Oceania and Australia as well as in the western and southern Africa.

Nevertheless, the risk posed by the drought, not the same everywhere: Climate change will “map the risks” in the next two decades redraw entirely – but those regions where people are already exposed to the dangers particularly vulnerable , will 2030 be the same, the report said.

Therefore the ODI strongly warns: Operate one in poverty reduction remains “business as usual” same, the work of aid workers to that of Sisyphus. Progress that has been made painstakingly over the years, are made by natural disasters in one fell swoop destroyed. “By 2030, 176-319 Millionen extremely poor people live alone in the 45 most vulnerable countries,” the report predicts. Of an “eradication of poverty” by 2030 – as envisaged by the international community – can therefore be no question.

If, however, improves the resilience of people living in poverty, they are hit not only less affected by extreme weather events, but also after they recover faster.

“The current MDGs have risk factors that push people into poverty, not been sufficiently addressed. Need to fix that”, concluded the researchers. They therefore recommend that measures not only to reduce poverty but to take the same time to prevent poverty, in particular measures to strengthen resilience to natural disasters. In the future development goals should not be too much on the absolute poverty line of U.S. $ 1.25 per day, but must aim higher, to about $ 4. Above this threshold is the risk of extreme weather events are thrown completely off course, much lower.

The EU has the Opens external link in new window Topic resilience of the screen. With a Opens external link in new window 10-point plan , the European Commission wants to adapt the European development aid better at spreading resilience. The proposal is currently of Opens external link in new window Council discussed and Parliament. Already run two EU programs that focus on resilience: Opens external link in new window SHARE in the Horn of Africa and Opens external link in new window AGIR in the Sahel.

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